How are Cervical Medial Branch Blocks used to treat facet joint pain?
How are Cervical Medial Branch Blocks used to treat pain?
What are Cervical Medial Branch Blocks?
The medial branch nerves are small nerves (not much thicker than a piece of cotton), which provide the feeling to the facet joints at the back of the spine. They also give movement to a small patch of muscle directly above the joint. Placing a drop or two of local anaesthetic onto the nerve causes it to stop working temporarily (thus ‘blocking’ it from transmitting signals). If the medial branch nerve is blocked, you can’t feel what is going on the in the facet joints.
What is the purpose of Cervical Medial Branch Blocks?
Pain can be produced from the facet joints in many cases of neck pain. Performing Cervical Medial Branch Blocks helps to clarify whether the pain is coming from these little joints. If your facet joints are producing most of your neck pain, you will get significant relief while the local anaesthetic is still working (normally 24 hours or so). In a handful of cases, the temporary nerve block produces relief that lasts for weeks or months. Even if the duration of relief is much shorter than this, it can help with making a diagnosis of the source of your pain and thus directing further treatment efforts.
How are Cervical Medial Branch Blocks done?
Prior to your theatre appointment, you will have to fast (the hospital will advise you the day prior for fasting requirements). You lie on the operating theatre table while x-rays are taken to establish where the needle should go. If one side only is being blocked, you lie on your side with the painful side upwards. After a sterile preparation, local anaesthetic is used to numb the skin and superficial tissues. The needle is passed through the anaesthetised tissue to the shelf of bone where the nerve is usually located under x-ray guidance. When the needle looks to be in the right position, a drop or two (0.2ml) of high-strength, long-acting local anaesthetic is placed to numb the nerves.
We offer light sedation as part of the procedure if you would like it, though it isn’t essential to the success of the injection. The sedation means you won’t remember the injection but it’s a long way short of a full general anaesthetic. Please note that you will not be able to drive for 24 hours after your procedure.
What happens after the injection?
You will be observed in the recovery room for 30-60 minutes and be free to leave the hospital soon after that.
If you have pain at the site of the injection you should use a cold pack and some paracetamol (Panadol, Herron, Panamax) or Ibuprofen (Herron Blue, Neurofen) in the recommended doses for a couple of days.
You will be given a Pain Diary to record the pain levels or any other symptoms you notice over the next few days. This should be returned to Pain Matrix once completed as it helps us plan your further care and monitor how well we are doing our procedures. Getting this information is critical to the usefulness of Cervical Medial Branch Blocks, as the follow-up treatment needs to be informed by the outcome of each set of injections.
In the case of numbness, which has not gone away after 24 hours, severe headache or any loss of control over bladder or bowel, you should contact Pain Matrix or attend an Emergency Department.